СОБЕСЕДОВАНИЕ С ЭКЗАМЕНАТОРОМ НА ОСНОВЕ ПРОЧИТАННОГО ТЕКСТА.
1. Read the article and say what it is about in 2-3 sentences.
Special Request to Education Minister
When the senior class of Gardane School heard that it might not get a new teacher for their elementary school, the pupils wrote to the Minister of Education. They live in or near a village in a mountainous district of Martonia where it is difficult to recruit doctors and teachers. Their request was published in a national paper and has become a common topic of conversation in a country where there is great concern about people leaving rural areas for the cities. This is the letter: Dear Minister, We are writing to ask for your help. We need a new teacher for the senior class in our school, and we are worried because our parents have been told that the Ministry cannot find one. Our school is very important to us and we like coming here to learn. Gardane is a small village. Every visitor from the city says our valley is very beautiful and that we are lucky to live here. So why isn’t there a new teacher who wants to come here? We don’t mind how old the new teacher is, nor whether it’s a man or a woman. They should like the country and outdoor life, and be healthy. We would like someone who is patient, happy and does not shout. The teacher should be clever and know how to help us understand things. We’d like our teacher to be properly dressed and to come on time. They should be kind, make us feel happy in the school, and help us make our classroom nice. We would like someone who thinks of exciting things to do, inside and outside school. For example, our last teacher got us to: write down the history of the village which our grandparents knew — we didn’t realise how much the village had changed; make a nature calendar so we learned more about farming and about the animals and plants in our valley; read all sorts of books and write a newspaper about our village. If the Ministry does not send us a teacher we will have to leave our families and our valley to go to school. Please help us! Yours sincerely The pupils of Gardane school. The pupils have not had a reply yet, and so far the Ministry has refused to comment on the situation.
2. The children mention some qualities that their future teacher needs to possess. Find this extract and read it aloud.
3. Why did children like their last teacher?
4. What will happen if the school doesn’t get a new teacher?
- Read the article and say what it is about in 2-3 sentences.
The Problem with Happiness
Most people want to be happy. Some people even spend lots of money to learn to be more positive. But perhaps the search for happiness isn’t always a good thing. Some scientific research shows that you cannot force yourself to be happy. Research has also shown that being in a negative mood can sometimes be an advantage. Joseph Forgas is a scientist at the University of New South Wales in Australia. He has studied how happy and negative moods affect people’s lives. Professor Forgas has found that people in a negative mood know more about the world and they are more careful when making important decisions. «A positive mood is good for creativity and quick thinking,» says Forgas. «But negative moods connect people with reality.» In some experiments, Professor Forgas found that people in a negative mood didn’t easily believe rumours*, but happy people are more likely to believe them. Other tests showed that people in a negative mood were better at remembering events that they had seen. People in a bad mood were also better at expressing their opinions on serious subjects. Forgas told the Australian Broadcasting Corporation: «Positive mood is not always a good thing. People in a negative mood make fewer errors. Even they remember events more clearly and they are often better at communicating.)) Forgas has also found a connection between the weather and people’s moods. When the weather is bad, people tend to have a negative mood. When the weather is good, people are happier. Forgas also found that on rainy days, when people were negative, their memory was improved. Other experiments by Forgas show that happy people are more selfish than unhappy people. Forgas says: «Нарру people think more about their own needs than the needs of other people.» Some people are pleased about the results of Forgas’s research. «Today, if you aren’t happy people think there is something wrong,» says Michael Collins, a journalist. «This is why Forgas’s research is so important. Certainly, happiness is a good thing. But we do not have to try to be happy all the time.»
(The English Magazine)
*Rumours ['ru:mə(r)z] – сплетни.
2. What does Joseph Forgas do? Read aloud the extract which says about it
3. What are the results of Forgas’s studies?
4. Do people find the results of the research important? Why?
1. Read the interview, taken by the English magazine and say what it is about in 2-3 sentences.
Hand Made Chocolates
Jane Turner began her chocolate making business in a village near the seaside resort of Torquay about three years ago, before that she had worked for a large food processing company in south-west England. We talked to her about her experiences. Why did you decide to make such a big change of lifestyle?«First of all, I was not happy in my job. Though it was a well-paid job, the work was very stressful and I had to work long hours. I just wanted to improve the quality of my life. I also wanted to live by the sea again. I knew that it would be difficult to find a good job in this area, so I decided to set up my own business.)) How did the chocolate making begin? «It had always been my dream. I found a suitable building in a village and installed all the equipment. My sister and a couple of her friends came to work with me and about six months later we were ready to start making cakes. After the cake business had begun to do well and we were supplying hotels and restaurants on a regular basis, I began trying to make my own chocolates. It is not easy to make good chocolate as there are so many factors involved: creativity, the quality of ingredients, even the temperature of the room. When I had developed a good enough range of chocolates. I sent some to the hotels and restaurants. They liked them and ordered more. That is how the chocolate making grew.» Have you made any mistakes? «Oh, yes, a lot. Perhaps the biggest mistake was trying to sell our cakes and chocolates over the internet. It was a disaster. First of all, it was expensive to get a professionally designed website set up. Then it was difficult and expensive to deliver cakes and chocolates to places that were far away. We had to use special packaging to protect the cakes and chocolates, which was also expensive. Sometimes, the chocolates arrived late, or despite everything they were damaged. Then we had to deal with some very angry customers!» What are your plans for the future?«We are thinking of setting up our own shop in Torquay with cake and chocolate making facilities inside.»
(The English Magazine)
2. Why did she start her business? Read aloud the extract which says about it.
3. How did her chocolate business develop?
4. What mistakes did she make?